Literary references I would be very interested in hearing some references for all this. How much of this is your own conclusions and what got you thinking along these lines? Is this well known in some field, or are these novel ideas? I don't mean this in the sense that loosely referenced output is non-academic and thus bad. If I understood correctly, you're writing this partly because a satisfactory account of meaning(ness), or meaning in a general, non-academic thinker compatible sense has not been written. So maybe a nice general book about it doesn't exist. Still, I would be grateful if you could point to some of your favorites, particularly about changes in meaning on a societal level.